Animal Feed



The sanitation of animal feed is essential if this industry is to offer products of quality which are safe for the market place. E-beam processing can be effectively used to reduce the risk of damaging insects, pests and harmful bacteria.

OBJECTIVES

  • Reduce the risk of illnesses due to the ingestion of contaminated feed.
  • Sanitization (elimination of moulds, bacteria…).
  • Disinfection of animal fodder and prime materials.
  • Extension of shelf life.
  • Quarantine control.


  • ADVANTAGES

  • Improvement in animal health and safety.
  • Increased quality of feeds.
  • Guaranteed sale of safe product.
  • No need to use chemical additives.
  • Less environmental contamination in slurry.
  • Deters rancidity of product during storage.
  • Deters enteric problems.
  • Can be used as a marketing tool for exportation.
  • Offers a competitive advantage to enter stricter markets.


  • Required doses to reduce bacterial population by 90%

    BACTERIA D10 value (kGy)*

    Gram-negative

     
    Escherichia coli 11775 0,11
    E. coli O:157:H7 0,12
    Salmonella typhimurium 0,22
    Aeromonas hydrophila 0,06
    Pseudomonas fluorescens 0,04
    Yersinia enterocolitica 0,04

    Gram-positive

     
    Brochothrix thermosphacta 0,17
    Listeria monocytogenes Scott A 0,17
    Listeria monocytogenes 81-861 0,28
    Bacillus subtilis 0,23
    Staphylococcus aureus 0,15

    SPORULATED BACTERIA D value (kGy)*
    Bacillus cereus

    2,5 - 4,0

    Clostridium botulinum, tipo E 1,0 - 3,2
    Clostridium butyricum 1,5
    Clostridium sporogenes 2,2
    Clostridium perfringens 1,2
      * Lucht y col. (1998)